Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is a common form of hair loss that affects men. It is characterized by a predictable pattern of hair thinning and receding hairline, typically starting at the temples and crown of the head. Male pattern baldness is influenced by genetic factors and hormonal changes.

The Norwood Hair Loss Scale


  1. Genetic Predisposition: The primary cause of male pattern baldness is a genetic predisposition inherited from family members. It is believed to be influenced by a combination of genes from both the mother and father.
  2. Hormonal Factors: Hormones play a role in male pattern baldness. Specifically, the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is derived from testosterone, is thought to be a key contributor. DHT shrinks hair follicles, shortens the growth phase of hair, and eventually leads to thinner and finer hair until it no longer grows.

Treatment Options:

  1. Medications: The two main medications approved for treating male pattern baldness are minoxidil and finasteride. Minoxidil is a topical solution that promotes hair growth, while finasteride is an oral medication that helps block the conversion of testosterone into DHT. These medications may slow down hair loss and, in some cases, stimulate new hair growth.
  2. Hair Transplantation: Hair transplant surgery involves removing hair follicles from areas of the scalp that have healthy hair growth (usually the back or sides) and implanting them into areas where hair is thinning or receding. This procedure can provide permanent hair restoration, but it can be expensive and requires careful consideration.
  3. Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT): LLLT uses red light wavelengths to stimulate hair growth. It is typically applied through a specialized comb, brush, or cap. While the exact mechanisms are not fully understood, LLLT may help increase blood flow to the hair follicles and promote hair growth.
  4. Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP): SMP is a non-surgical cosmetic procedure that involves tattooing tiny pigment dots onto the scalp to mimic the appearance of hair follicles. It can create the illusion of a closely shaved head or add density to thinning areas.
  5. Hairstyling and Camouflaging Techniques: Hairstyles, such as shorter cuts or strategic combing, can help minimize the appearance of thinning hair. Additionally, there are products available, such as hair fibers, scalp concealers, and specialized shampoos, which provide temporary coverage and create the illusion of thicker hair.

It's important to note that while these treatment options may help slow down hair loss and promote regrowth, results can vary among individuals. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or a dermatologist who can provide personalized recommendations based on your specific situation.

BKS Hair Restoration

Bhumik Shah, MD
807 N Haddon Ave, Suite 2
Haddonfield, NJ 08033

Phone: (856) 470-1398


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